What Are Accommodations & Modifications ?

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Special education is tailored to meet the needs of students with disabilities. The services and supports one child receives may be very different from what another child receives. It’s all about individualization. What’s important is giving kids the resources they need to make progress in school.

What are accommodations?

Accommodations are a key component of special education. Much like a wheelchair ramp allows more people to access a building, classroom accommodations allow more students to access the general curriculum.

For example, if a child has dyslexia, text-to-speech software that reads aloud the words on a computer screen can help him access material that is at a higher level than he could read on his own.For Educational Evaluations in US visit UT Evaluators.

There are also accommodations for taking tests. Students are expected to learn the same material. But they can show what they know in a different way. For example, if a child has a reading disability, the teacher might ask the test questions aloud.

Some students receive accommodations on standardized tests as well classroom tests. Getting extra time to complete tests is a common accommodation.

What are modifications?

When people talk about accommodations, they often talk about modifications as well. It’s important to understand the difference between accommodations and modifications. Accommodations refer to how a student learns. Modifications refer to how much a student is expected to do or learn.

For example, some students may be given shorter writing assignments or fewer math problems. Other students may be provided books with a lower reading level than the ones that are assigned to their non-disabled peers.

It’s common for a student to receive both modifications and accommodations. Some students may receive one type of support but not the other. And some students might not need either. Here are examples of common accommodations and modifications.

What do “related services” include?

Federal law allows schools to provide certain kinds of services that aren’t strictly educational but are needed so that students can benefit from special education. These are called related services.

For example, a child who has dysgraphia or dyspraxia may need one-on-one sessions with an occupational therapist to improve handwriting skills.To know more details on Educational Evaluations check Midasedu

Other examples of related services include:

A. Mental health counseling for children and parents

B. Social work to provide support to children and families and assist in developing positive behavioral interventions

C. Speech-language therapy to improve communication skills that affect learning

D. Transportation to and from school and, in some cases, to and from extracurricular activities

Another term you may hear is “supplementary aids and services.” These can include adapted equipment, such as a special cushion that can help kids with attention or sensory processing issues stay seated and focused for longer periods of time. Other examples of supplementary support include assistive technology and training for staff, students and parents.


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