What Is An Individualized Education Program (IEP)
The IEP is often described as the cornerstone of special education. That’s because this legally binding document details a student’s annual learning goals as well as the special services and supports the school will provide to help him meet those goals.
Before your child can receive special education services, you and the school must complete several steps.
Here’s how the process generally works:
1. Referral for evaluation:
When your child is struggling and a learning or attention issue is suspected, you or the school can ask for an evaluation. Your request may be accepted or denied. Either way, the school must explain its decision to you. The school can’t evaluate your child unless you give written permission. For Educational Evaluations in US visit UT Evaluators
If the school agrees to evaluate your child, the school psychologist and other specialists will give your child various tests. They also may observe him in the classroom. The evaluation will identify whether your child has one of the 13 disabilities covered by the IDEA. The evaluation will also provide information about his educational needs.
Medical conditions such as ADHD are diagnosed by a physician or another medical professional. However, federal law doesn’t necessarily require a medical evaluation to identify a child as having ADHD. Some school districts have policies that allow school psychologists to diagnose ADHD as part of the special education evaluation. School psychologists need to have appropriate training to do this.
3. Determination of eligibility:
After the evaluation, a special team from the school meets with you to discuss whether your child has a disability and if it affects his ability to learn. (If your child doesn’t meet the requirements for an IEP, he may qualify for a 504 plan, which can provide many of the same accommodations and services.)
4. Developing the IEP:
If your child is eligible for special education, his IEP team creates a plan to meet his needs. You are an equal member of this team and play a very important role. You know and understand your child better than anyone else on the team. Your insights can help ensure that your child receives the services and supports he needs to succeed in school. Educational Evaluations in US check here
There’s a common saying in public schools: “Special education is not a place. It’s a service.” Take advantage of the resources that are available to your child. And remember that many of these resources are available to your child in a general education classroom.
If you’re debating whether to have your child evaluated for special education, thinking through some key questions could help you make up your mind. If you decide to go for it, Understood can help you prepare for the evaluation and develop the IEP. And if you choose not to get an evaluation, or if your child is denied special education services, this site has other suggestions for how you can help your child.Tags: Educational Evaluations